Technically if we see, adverbs are words that modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb that expresses manner, place, time, or degree. It is a verb that can modify a phrase, a clause, or a sentence. An adverb is a verb that tells us more about a verb. In the below-explained examples, the adverbs are marked in bold and the verb which it modifies is marked in italics.
This topic is a big part of English Grammar, it helps you to climb the ladder of the language. In order to achieve fluency and learn the English language more perfectly, it is essential for all English language learners to practice English Grammar with sheer will and dedication as the language is of utmost importance in today’s world. English is the most spoken language in the world with millions and millions of people conversing in it on a daily basis.
Apart from the academic view, English has helped a lot to every nation and every individual on a personal level.
Let us now dive into the topic!
- Kim has bad behaviour. (What kind of behaviour does Kim have?)
- She drank after the birthday party. (When did she drink?)
- Leon lives nearby. (Where does Leon live?)
Adverbs also have the power to modify verbs. (She is really slim), or other adverbs too (The laptop works really well).
- Modifying an adjective:
- She is really talented. (How talented is she?)
- That was extremely rude of you.
- Modifying another verb:
- She works extremely fast. (How fast does she work?)
- He drives moderately slow.
You have to remember that adverbs have other functions too like they can modify a whole sentence and they can modify a prepositional phrase too.
Let us have a look at some of the main kinds of adverbs!
ADVERBS OF MANNER
Adverbs of Manners tell us the way or manner in which something happens or takes place. Mainly, they have the power to modify verbs and they answer the question “how?”
Let us take a look at some of the examples:
- He drives fast. (How does he drive?)
- They welcomed us happily. (How did they welcome us?)
- The driver drove fast. (How did the driver drive?)
Normally, Adverbs of Manner are used with action verbs, also known as dynamic verbs.
- He drove fast. She came running. They went quickly.
ADVERBS OF PLACE
These types of adverbs tell us the place where something happens or takes place. Because it talks about the place, they answer the question “where?” Adverbs of Place mainly modify verbs.
Let’s take a look at some examples:
- Please do not stand here. (Do not stand where?)
- They did not search at that place. (Where did they not search?)
- The bikes were not parked outside. (Where were the bikes not parked?)
ADVERBS OF TIME
Like the name says, adverbs of Time tell us about the time at which something happens. They mainly modify verbs and they answer the question “when?”
Here are some of the examples:
- She ran just now. (When did she run?)
- He came later. (When did he come?)
Adverbs of Time can even answer the question of “how often?”, telling us the frequency.
- He delivers the milk every morning. (How often does he deliver the milk?)
- We watch a movie every Sunday. (How often do we watch movies?)
ADVERBS OF DEGREE
These kinds of adverbs tell us the extent or the degree to which something happens. The question answered here is “how much?” or to “what degree?”. Adverbs of degree have the power to modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
Here are some examples:
- She is quite beautiful. (How beautiful is she?)
- I entirely agree with you. (To what extent do I agree with you?)