The most important function of a conjunction is that they join other words and phrases together. We could just make very simple sentences without conjunctions, it would not have as much excitement and feeling as it has with conjunctions. A conjunction is a short word that connects or links two parts of the same sentence structure . ‘And’ is a very common conjunction to be used. 

Let us look at some examples of conjunctions and later we will move on to its types.

  • Salt and sugar
  • I like beans and you don’t like beans.
  • With the moon and the stars.

And, but, or, nor, yet, for, so, although, because, unless, since are some other common conjunctions to be used.

  • Kevin and Jack went to school.
  • The day was sunny, but we didn’t go to the swimming pool.

The function of a Coordinating Conjunction is to join two parts of the sentence which stays grammatically equal. It could be a single word or a clause.

The function of a Subordinating Conjunction is to join a subordinate dependent clause with the main clause.

The three basic formats of the conjunctions are Single word (but, and, also, because, although), Compound (provided that, in order that, provided that), and Correlative (so that..).

The majority of the time you will see Coordinating Conjunctions coming between the words or clauses they join. Along with this, you will see Subordinating Conjunctions coming at the beginning of the subordinate clause.

Two parts of a sentence that are grammatically similar or equal will be joined with the help of a Coordinating Conjunction. In terms of importance and structure, Coordinating Conjunctions show that the elements that it joins are similar and equal. 

And, but, nor, or, yet, for, so are the seven coordinating conjunctions. They will always come in between the words or clauses that it joins. Make sure to put a comma before the conjunction if it joins two independent clauses. A comma is not so essential if the independent clauses are short and equal.

A Subordinating Conjunction will always join a dependent clause with the independent clause. Some of the common subordinating conjunctions are:

After, as, although, before, because, if, how, since, once, that, than, till, though, until, where, when, while, whether

You will always see a Subordinating Conjunction at the start of a subordinate clause. With this, a subordinate clause is ‘introduced’. Furthermore, it may also come after or before the main clause.

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