We must have heard ‘phrases and sentences’ coming together while we learn something. In today’s concept, let us know what actually phrases are and what their types are.

A phrase is a collection of one or more words having meaningful and sensible grammatical units within a clause. A phrase and a sentence are two different concepts. Let us now understand the 5 types of phrases in English.

The five types of phrases are:

  • Noun Phrase
  • Verb Phrase
  • Adjective Phrase
  • Adverb Phrase
  • Prepositional Phrase


A single noun or a word group that is built around a single noun will be called a Noun phrase. 

For example:

  1. Humans need food to survive.
  2. Who broke the last cup?
  3. All citizens with passports can move ahead.
  4. Animals need to find prey for living.


Verb Phrase can also be called a Verb Group. So do not get confused with the same. A verb phrase contains the main verb along with an auxiliary verb along with modals.

For example:

  1. We all have been watching movies for a long time.
  2. He will be returning back to India today.
  3. It may have been being played.
  4. I have been busy for quite a while.


An adjective phrase can be a single adjective or a word group which has been built around a single adjective.

For example:

  1. I have a brilliant idea.
  2. He made a very big deal.
  3. The teachers were really bored with the game


An adverb is a single adverb or a word group that is built around a single adverb.

For example:

  1. You can do it later.
  2. He listened very patiently.
  3. They reached as soon as possible.


A prepositional phrase contains a preposition that is followed by its object which is normally a noun phrase.

For example:

  1. They were talking about property.
  2. The secret locker was behind a large pile of books.

They resumed their studies after an unusually big movie.

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