A pronoun is an essential part of learning  English grammar. It helps you to climb the ladder of grammar in order to reach the peak of learning the English language and achieve fluency. Learning English is not all about reading and writing, but there are many other aspects that come into place in order to achieve fluency. It is important to get a stronghold on every aspect.

The words which take the place of a noun are called a pronoun. For example words like he, you, ours, some, each, themselves, etc. A pronoun can be used instead of a noun. In case if we didn’t have pronouns, we would have to repeat a whole lot of nouns. Let us now know and understand what pronouns are and how they work.

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of or it represents a noun.

The pronoun looks relatively small but it is a small word having a big job. The place of a whole noun phrase can be taken by a pronoun. In order to avoid repetition of words and use fewer words, we can use pronouns.

For example:

  • Do you like the teacher? I don’t like the teacher. The teacher is not friendly.

In the given sentence, the word ‘teacher’ is repeated thrice. We can make the use of a pronoun and make the sentence much easier and understandable. The same sentence can be written as;

  • Do you like the teacher? I don’t like her. She’s not friendly.

In this sentence, we have replaced the word ‘teacher’ with two pronouns: ‘her’ and ‘she’. With this, we don’t have to repeat the word ‘teacher’ a number of times. In this way, we can use pronouns to avoid repetition and use fewer words.

In the following sentence “Please ask Vivek to complete the assignment”, we can replace ‘the assignment’ with ‘it’ and ‘Vivek’ with ‘him’, just as you see in the below table:

Please askVivekTo completeThe assignment.
Please askhimTo completeit.

While conversing, the speakers usually use pronouns in order to address each other. I talk to you. You talk to me. When we speak about a person, we don’t keep repeating their name. We say he/she or him or her.

A pronoun has the power to represent the person or the thing we are talking about. But for this, we must know which person or the thing we are talking about. Very often, we do not start a discourse with a pronoun. In order to avoid repeating the noun, we start with it but later we move ahead by using a pronoun. A long noun phrase can also be rephrased by a pronoun.

Let us take a look at some examples of a pronoun:

Noun (phrase)Pronoun
The bikeit
The tall man with bicepshe
Learning Frenchit
My child and Iwe

There are various kinds of pronouns, but remember that all of them have the same job to represent a noun.


Complete the exercise on paper or in a book and keep it for your future reference.

  1. The list of common pronouns are – ________. ([there, then, here, now], [they, it you, she])
  2. She told her mom because she trusts _____. (him, she, her)
  3. The noun phrase, “The best movies of hollywood” can be replaced with ______. (they, it)
  4. My best songs are ‘On my way’ and ‘Senorita’ can be followed with ______. (I like them a lot, I like they a lot, none)
  5. A pronoun is a short word which can be used instead of repeatedly saying the same ______.  (noun, verb, sentence) 

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