English language learning is not just about writing, speaking, reading, and learning; but it includes a lot many more aspects. One of them is the type of English sentences and sentence structure. When you write, read, speak or hear something from someone in English, there is a type associated with the statement. A sentence is structured in a way in which the opposite person understands the meaning of it without facing any difficulty. This is the reason why sentences have types. You must have heard it in the tone or must have seen it, but you couldn’t recognize its type.
Forming sentences in a way that is meaningful and sensible is highly essential if you are an English learner and if you are willing to achieve fluency in the language. Just for your knowledge: English is the most spoken language in the world with millions of people conversing in it daily. English has been of utmost importance for Globalisation, businesses, and trade.
Let’s have a look at the 4 types of English sentences and understand what each of them means. All four of them are classified as per their purpose:
- DECLARATIVE SENTENCE : The first type of English sentences is the Declarative sentences. They are nothing but plain statements. It simply tells you something. It gives you a clear message. The statement is not exclamatory nor a question, but it is simply just a statement. Note that declarative sentences end with a full stop and nothing else. The usual order for a declarative sentence is subject+verb.
For eg: Mary likes John.
- I like coffee.
- We watched a movie last night.
Over here, the message is very clear. It simply states that Mary likes John. The sentence ends with a full stop which means that the sentence is fully complete. However, Declarative sentences can be positive or negative. Declarative sentences are the most common types of sentences.
- INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE: Interrogative sentences are the second type of English sentences which talk about questions, which means that they ask questions. Hence, interrogative sentences end with a question mark and it always wants an answer. Interrogative sentences are frequently used in spoken and written language. After declarative sentences, Interrogative sentences are the most common types of sentences. The typical form of an interrogative sentence is an auxiliary verb+subject+main verb.
For eg: Do you know English Grammar?
- Is it hot outside?
- Do you like it?
- Where shall we eat?
- What’s the time?
The final punctuation in an interrogative sentence will always be a question mark.
- IMPERATIVE SENTENCE: Imperative sentences give command. Command means they tell us to do something, same goes with imperative sentences. They tell us to do something too. Imperative sentences end up with a full stop or an exclamation mark. The usual verb order for an imperative sentence is base verb. You have to note that usually there is no subject in an imperative subject because it is understood that it is you! Imperative sentences can be positive and negative too. Although imperative sentences are used to give command, they can also be used to give instructions more politely than a direct command. Imperative sentences can be used with words like “please” or “kindly” to add politeness.
For eg: Stop!
- Don’t go?
- Don’t stand there?
- EXCLAMATIVE SENTENCE: Exclamative sentences give out or they express strong emotions and surprise. As the name suggests, exclamative sentences always end up with an exclamation mark. The usual word order for an exclamative sentence is – – What(+adjective)+noun+subject+verb AND How(+adjective/adverb)+subject+verb.
For eg: What an exciting story it was!
- How he walked!
Now that we know that sentences have types too, you get a clear idea as to how to use it, when to use it, and what impact it will create.