Adjectives and its types

One of the important parts of speech in English language learning is “Adjectives”. Usually, adjectives describe a person or a thing. It tells us what somebody or something is right. There are nine parts of speech and out of those, one of them is adjectives. An Adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun. It ‘describes’ or ‘modifies’ a noun. For example, The small kitten was angry. In this example, the adjective is marked in bold and the noun which modifies it is in italics. 

As we know that the English language is more than just reading, writing, speaking, and listening. There are more aspects that have a big role in the language. English is the most common language used in the world with millions of people conversing in it on a daily basis.

Usually, the adjective comes BEFORE a noun, like:

  • A black house
  • A blue sky
  • A delicious dessert

Sometimes, it also happens that the adjective comes AFTER a verb, like:

  • Her bike is black.
  • The sky becomes orange.
  • The dessert looked delicious. 

The adjective also has the power to modify pronouns, like:

  • The drum was empty.
  • She thought it seemed weird.
  • Those are not costly.

Remember that we can often use two or more adjectives together.

There are two types of adjectives, let’s have a look at them!

COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES

Just as the name says, when we talk about two things, we usually ‘compare’ them. It tells us whether they are the same or different. They could be the same in other ways and different in other ways. Comparative adjectives are often used in describing the differences. Comparative adjectives are used while talking about two things and not three or more things. 

Comparative adjectives can be formed in two ways;

  • For short adjectives, you can add “-er”
  • For long adjectives, you can use “more”

We use comparative adjectives when we talk about two things and not more than two things. Usually, comparative adjectives are followed by ‘than’.

For example:

  1. Is Marathi more difficult than Hindi?
  2. India is big but the USA is bigger.
  3. She needs to have a better cell phone.

Moreover, comparative adjectives are used when talking about two things and not three or more things. However, one or both of the things could be a group of things. 

For example: Silk is costlier than other fabrics.

Over here, we are talking about many fabrics but we are still comparing ‘silk fabric’ with other fabrics. We are still comparing one thing to another.

SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES

The extreme or the highest degree of quality will be expressed in a superlative adjective. It is used to describe the extreme and supreme quality of one thing in a group of things. Unlike comparative adjectives, Superlative adjectives are used to describe the extreme quality of one thing in a group of things. It can be used while talking about three or more things and not just two things. 

Just like comparative adjectives, superlative adjectives can be formed in two ways;

  • For short adjectives: add “-est”
  • For long adjectives: use “most”

Usually, we also add ‘the’ in the beginning.

The superlative adjective is used to describe one thing in a group of three or more things.

For example:

  1. David is the tallest of all in the class.
  2. Silk fabric is the costliest of all the fabrics.
  3. Lions are the wildest animals.

Remember that when we are comparing one thing with itself, we do not use the word ‘the’.

Do not forget to practice the use of adjectives and their types. It is one part which will help you to be fluent in English speaking. 

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