FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Another easiest tense to understand as well as to use is the Future Perfect Tense. This tense talks all about the past in the future.

The structure of the Future Perfect Tense is as follows:

subject+Auxiliary verb ‘will’+Auxiliary verb ‘have’+Main verb
invariableinvariablePast participle
willhaveV3

Let us take a look at some examples of the Future Perfect Tense:

subjectAuxiliary verbAuxiliary verbMain verb
+IwillhavecompletedBy 6 pm
+YouwillhaverememberedHer by then.
Shewillnothavereturnedsoon.
Wewillnothavearrived.
?Willyouhavewritten?
?WilltheyhavePurchased it?

While speaking using the Future Perfect Tense, we are free to contract the subject and ‘will’. At times, we can even contract the subject, ‘will’ and ‘have’, everything together.

Let us look at some examples for better understanding:

You will haveYou’ll haveYou’ll’ve
I will haveI’ll haveI’ll’ve
She will haveShe’ll haveShe’ll’ve
He will haveHe’ll haveHe’ll’ve
They will haveThey’ll haveThey’ll’ve
  • She’ll have completed it when you leave.
  • I’ll have dinner by then.
  • He’ll have forgotten it.

In the case of negative sentences, we are free to contract ‘won’t’ or ‘won’t’ve’, something like this:

  • They won’t have dinner by then.
  • They won’t’ve finished the assignment by tomorrow.

Sometimes, we use ‘shall’ instead of ‘will’, mostly in the cases of ‘I’ and ‘we’.

The Future Perfect tense works after expressing action in the future before another action in the future, like the past in the future. Let us have a look at some examples:

  • The car will have stayed when you arrive.
  • You can call me at home at 9pm. I will have arrived at home by then.

Sometimes, we can think of the Future Perfect Tense like the Present Perfect Tense, but instead of your way of viewing which is in the present, it will be in the future.

EXERCISE QUESTIONS:

Complete the exercise on paper or on a book and you can keep it for your future reference.

  1. Will you ______ by 10 am?  (be arrive, have arrived, have arriving)
  2. I ______ by evening. (will be leave, will have left, will leaving)
  3. She will have ______ all about it by evening. (forgotten, forgetting, be forgetting)
  4. The peon _____ by the time everyone leaves. (will be left, will leave, will have left)
  5. Where ______ gone? (is she has, she have, will she have)

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