First, let us know what is a sentence and then move on with the Sentence Structure. but before that, it is essential for all the English learners to know a little about English language and its importance.
The English language is widely spoken all around the world and it is the most spoken language across the globe. Millions of people converse daily in the English language in formal and informal styles. Usually, the formal style of the English language is used in Workfront like offices and professional upfront. Unlike formal, informal is totally opposite and is used in our day to day lives while we are talking to our friends and family, while we are at a party or at a gathering, at a concert, or even at the bar; we use an informal style of speaking to ensure that the chat remains friendly and not so hard and crisp.
Apart from this, English language includes Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening without which a learner cannot be fluent in the language.
A sentence is nothing but a set of words which contain a subject and a predicate.
In simple words, SENTENCE= SUBJECT+PREDICATE
The subject speaks about the sentence and the topic about the sentence; whereas, the predicate says what is said about the subject.
Now that we know what a sentence is and its requirements for the formation of it, let’s look in more detail at the four types of sentence structures.
There are four types of sentence structure in total which are Simple, Compound, Complex and Compound complex. Let us have a look at them individually.
SIMPLE SENTENCE STRUCTURE: A simple sentence will consist of one independent clause. Independent clause is nothing but it contains a subject and a verb. It expresses a complete thought. Simple sentence will give you a clear message, there will be no question nor an exclamation nor will it be a command. It will simply just be a normal sentence.
- I like tea.
- Catherine likes coffee.
- The planets revolve around the sun.
- George did not go to the doctor.
COMPOUND SENTENCE STRUCTURE: A compound sentence will have two or more independent clauses which will be joined by a conjunction or a semicolon. A sentence could be formed with each of these clauses alone.
- I like tea and John likes coffee.
- Cynthia went to the doctor but Dan went to the party.
Remember that, there are 7 coordinating conjunctions:
- and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so
COMPLEX SENTENCE STRUCTURE: A complex sentence structure will have an independent clause along with a dependent clause. The dependent clause starts with a subordinating conjunction along with a relative pronoun. It also contains a subject and a verb but it does not express a complete thought or a message.
- We missed our train because we arrived late.
- He panicked after he got a message.
- Do you know the woman who is meeting John?
Some of the common subordinating conjunctions are:
- after, although, as, because, before, how, if, once, since, than, though, till, until, when, where, whether, while
5 basic relative pronouns are:
- That, which, who, whom, whose
COMPOUND COMPLEX SENTENCE: Compound complex sentence will consist of at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
- Henry didn’t eat because he was busy so Oscar was not happy.
- He panicked after he received a message but got normal 5 minutes later.
Note that a dependent clause is also called a subordinate clause.
Now that we know the types of sentence structures, don’t forget to practice them all and get a hold of sentence structures.