In this post, we will be covering 4 types of English nouns and all you need to know about them.
Let us first know what a Noun is?
Cambridge Dictionary says that “a word which refers to a person, place, thing, event or a substance or quality.”
One thing to remember is that nouns can be the subject or the object of a sentence. The subject of the sentence structure is the noun that performs the work of the verb.
Here is an example:
- Angela eats chocolate.
Here, ‘eats’ is the action verb. Angela is the noun that is doing the action of eating. As a result, the subject in this sentence is ‘Angela’.
The direct object of a statement is the word on which the verb acts on or affects. In the above example, chocolate is the noun that is being affected by the verb ‘eats’. Hence, ‘eats’ is the direct object in the example.
In order to give meaning to your sentences, you need to learn how a noun works, otherwise, your sentence will have no meaning. You wouldn’t be able to communicate in English without using nouns. Nouns are used to express who, what and where you are talking about. The English language comprises a lot of nouns and as you begin to learn, you will come across various types of nouns.
Let’s look at some of the types of nouns:
Common Noun is nothing but a generic person, place, or thing. Some of the common nouns are truck, man, and year.
Let’s take a look at how you shall use common nouns in a sentence.
- The woman is in the car.
- This cartoon is awesome.
- It’s hot in the warehouse.
- My baby likes to sit on the couch.
- Do you think the dog enjoys eating fruits?
- I want to purchase that chocolate for my friend.
- Vanilla coffee is my favourite.
- It’s breezy in the garden.
- Are you up for a dive in the swimming pool?
- The man is always on his laptop.
A specific name given to a person, place, or thing is known as a proper noun. Capitalizing a proper noun is necessary, even if it falls in the middle of a sentence. Compared to common nouns, Proper nouns are more descriptive. Here are some examples of proper nouns: Toyota, Johnny Depp, and September. The mentioned are proper nouns which are alternatives to common nouns like a car, man, and month.
Let’s look at some of the examples of proper nouns and how to use them:
- John lives in Mumbai.
- Catherine watered the plants in the Community Garden.
- “The Office” is my favourite series.
- Does it always rain in August?
- Jim goes to Marks and Spencer every month.
- Let’s take Jojo to the garden every Friday.
- Narendra Modi is the current Prime Minister of India.
- My parents took the Rajdhani express to Rajasthan.
- Should we meet at the Galaxy restaurant for dinner on Saturday?
- Prerna lives in England.
A concrete noun is very simple to understand. It is nothing but something which you can see, touch, taste, hear or smell. Some examples of concrete nouns are brick, bag, bottle, perfume, etc.
Let’s look at some of the examples of concrete nouns and how to use them:
- Amitabh Bachchan is a brilliant actor.
- What’s your favourite music?
- My friend just made some lip smacking chocolates.
- I always drink some water after getting up from the bed in the morning.
- Don’t forget to bring a carry bag to the college.
- Psychology is Pam’s favourite subject.
- India is a diverse country.
- The Taj Mahal is in the city of Agra.
- Dwight lived in a condo in San Francisco.
- Mukesh Ambani is a big businessman.
An abstract noun is something that you can’t see, touch, taste, hear or smell. Yes, abstract nouns are totally the opposite of concrete nouns. They talk about qualities, concepts, and emotions. Some of the abstract nouns are joy, patience, luxury, confidence, etc.
Let’s look at some of the examples of abstract nouns and how to use them in sentences:
- Amber loves Jim.
- George is full of anger today.
- Parents have a lot of responsibilities.
- Flying first class is a bliss.
- We get thrills while watching a horror movie.
- Have patience.
- I wish to go on a roller coaster ride someday.
- Rumor has it that the actress was in a secret affair.
- Hearing the rain helps me stay calm.
- Going for a walk helps her stay relaxed.
A group of multiple things is known as a collective noun. Some of the collective nouns are batch, group, school, etc.
Let’s look at some examples of collective nouns:
- What outfit should I wear to the party?
- A school of fish just fought in the pond.
- Are you joining the group for today’s dinner?
- She got stung by a swarm of bees in the garden.
- The dog gave birth to a puddle of puppies.
- Valencia is the best dancer in that dance group.
- I have been in the top most team in the sport.
- The army of ants really climbed up the pot.\
- This class is horrible.
- Have you heard that choir?
Compound nouns are formed from two or more words.
Here are some examples of compound nouns:
- I love seafood.
- She has a secret boyfriend.
- Many of us love to watch the sunrise in the morning.
- I think you need to purchase earpods.
- She loves to sit by the seashore.
- This restaurant serves delicious breakfast.
- MS Dhoni is a great batsman.
- We have some great indoor games to play tonight.
- Did you complete your homework?
- He takes care of the household chores.
Nouns that can be counted and can have singular or plural form are known as countable nouns. A few of the countable nouns are keys, sticks, mangoes, etc.
Let’s look at some of the examples of countable nouns and how to use them:
- Josh and Joan have four dogs.
- I only have 3 pieces of cardboard left.
- We have very few books at home.
- Do you play the piano often?
- This hotel only has 5 rooms.
Just as the name says, uncountable nouns cannot be counted and they don’t have a plural form. Most abstract nouns are also considered uncountable nouns.
Let’s take a look at some of the uncountable nouns:
- Coffee contains caffeine.
- This room is full of dust.
- Don’t take advice from a cat.
- Food can buy you happiness.
- The grass is greener today.
While you are learning about nouns, try to be patient with yourself and don’t get confused between nouns. Keep practicing.