When you hear or see something, how would you tell it to somebody? This whole concept is known as the Reported Speech in the English language. It talks about how you tell somebody what you have seen or have heard.
When we want to tell somebody about what another person has said, we are left with two options:
- Changing the person’s words into our own words, which is called Reported Speech.
- Use the same words as the person has said and put them in quotation marks if you write, this is called Direct Speech.
Explaining in short, Direct speech is nothing but the person’s exact words, and Reported speech is explaining everything in your own words. It is nothing but a matter of logic and sense where you want to explain the whole concept in your own way or language and you use your own words to say.
Let us now understand what are Reported Statements, along with examples.
One form of Reported speech is Reported Statements and usually, they are introduced along with reported verbs like ‘tell’ or ‘say’, etc.
- She said that she is meeting someone.
- He told us that he won’t be able to come.
- He said that he loves her.
There are a few things that we change or shift while we use our own words for reported speech and they are pronouns and tenses. In order to reflect a different perspective, pronouns may be needed to change. In the case of tenses, there is something called a backshift where the tense has to go back to one tense. Other factors come into the place where there may arise a need to change the time or place.
For statements, the usual reporting verbs for statements are words like mention, say, tell, inform, etc.
The structure of a Reported Speech is reporting clause(+conjunction) + reported clause.
Backshift is used when it seems logical to use it. It is not always used but it can be used sometimes.
This was a small explanation of Reported Speech!