English

We tend to use the English language in our daily lives but have we ever wondered why is the English language considered the most powerful and is termed the global language?

Even though English opens and widens the opportunities for jobs, has boosted globalization and many such terms; English is a widespread language and almost every individual on the Earth uses English as it is termed to be the most common language.

The question is that why is it expected for everyone to know and speak English if you want to move ahead in your life and your career as well? 

Another question is that why do parents send their kids to English medium schools and why do they constantly communicate with their kids in the English language? This scene is not just in India, but, in most of the countries in the world, you are expected to be able to speak in English in addition to your mother or father tongue.

What is so special about the English language that it has turned out to be the most powerful language in the world? What is it termed to be the global language? Have you ever wondered that which was the language was used to communicate before English took over? In this post, let’s try to find out what is the reason behind English becoming the most common language in the world!

Like most languages, English has evolved through generations of speakers. The English language is a big and beautiful mess. There are a few languages that are as diverse and unexpected in their history.

If we look back at history, we come to the point of the British Empire, also known as the largest empire in the world. Britain was the most powerful nation in the world for a whopping 200 years! From Canada to India and from Australia to Nigeria and from the Caribbean to South Africa. 

Did you know that the British Empire once ruled over a third of the people on Earth? It was in the year 1922 when the empire was at its peak. The empire was occupying a large chunk of the world, larger than ever before. Taking a look at the map, it can be noted that 25% of the area was under the rule of the British Empire at that time. If you notice, New Zealand, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, the UAE, and many African countries, the UK and Canada; all these were under the control of the British Empire.

A whopping 450 million people were under the British Empire. 

The British Empire was colonizing many countries and if any person would want to go and work if they needed a good job, they needed to learn the English language. This is the reason why English was considered and was called the ‘language of the elite’. It was considered that if you are educated and you have a job, then you must be knowing English.

But what happened when the hold of the British empire started to break down?

Most of the colonies got their independence by the 1950s. Britishers had to leave those countries and had to give independence to those countries. Even after getting independence, many countries had English as the official or national language. The reasons for this are different in different countries. In India, English was also known as the “language of colonizer”.

Since it was the language of the British, it was not promoted to be used in India. India also launched the movement called “Angrezi hatao” in 1967, but it did not happen. The countries that were colonized by Britain, those countries used to speak English. But what about the rest of the countries? So how did English spread to the rest of the world? The countries that won the wars on a bigger scale, their culture dominates over the world. And, as English was being spoken in Britain and the USA, it dominated the world! With the help of capitalism, American businesses started spreading all over the world.

The top business schools started teaching English and hence the language became the one for trade and business. The musical bands in America started releasing their albums in the English language and they started becoming famous worldwide. The same pattern was to be seen with the filmmakers, as their films became a global sensation. Like this was, slowly and steading, English overpowered every language and it became the most commonly used language in the world.

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