English abbreviation and its meanings

 English, as a language, has abbreviations too. Abbreviations are nothing but short forms which are made by using the first letter of each word to form a new phrase.

Abbreviations are similar to acronyms and are a shorthand way of expressing an idea. In the current trend, we have the abbreviation widely known as ‘YOLO’ which means ‘You Only Live Once’. Just as you see here, the abbreviation ‘YOLO’ is made by taking out the first letter from each of the four words.

The unique part about abbreviations is that they are used in capital letters and are totally pronounced as a new word altogether.

“Acronyms” are blanket terms that also consist of initialisms. An initialism is also a phrase that is indicated by abbreviating the first letter of each word in it. It cannot be pronounced as a unique word.

Moreover, initialisms are pronounced by individually spelling each letter of the word. For example, the Federal Bureau of Investigation is shortened to FBI, but this is always pronounced by saying each letter separately.

Here are some commonly used acronyms and initialisms which we use in our everyday lives and situations. There are some acronyms that are used in the world of emails and texting and instant messaging. This has given rise to a whole series of acronyms and initialisms which allow texters to complete their messages more quickly. Almost all are initialisms as they are pronounced letter by letter.

Here are some of them,

AFK – Away From Keyboard

BBIAB – Be Back In A Bit

BBL – Be Back Later

BBS – Be Back Soon

BEG – Big Evil Grin

BRB – Be Right Back

BTW – By The Way

EG – Evil Grin

FISH – First In, Still Here

IDK – I Don’t Know

IMO – In My Opinion

IRL – In Real Life

KISS – Keep It Simple, Stupid

LMK – Let Me Know

LOL – Laughing Out Loud

NYOB – None of Your Business

OFC – Of Course

OMG – Oh My God

PANS – Pretty Awesome New Stuff

PHAT – Pretty, Hot, And Tempting

POS – Parents Over Shoulder

ROFL – Rolling On the Floor Laughing

SMH – Shaking My Head

TTYL – Talk To You Later

YOLO – You Only Live Once

WTH – What The Heck

While we use some of the acronyms in our daily lives, there are some acronyms used in the military and the government too. At times, it is difficult to understand what is being said in a government or official setting. Here are some common acronyms used in government and military settings.

ASAP – As Soon As Possible

AWOL – Absent Without Leave

CIA – Central Intelligence Agency

CPL – Corporal

CPS – Child Protective Services

CPT – Captain

CSI – Crime Scene Investigation

DAFB – Dover Air Force Base

DMV – Division of Motor Vehicles

DNC – Democratic National Committee

DOD – Department of Defense

DON – Department of the Navy

DZ – Drop Zone

FBI – Federal Bureau of Investigation

FUBAR – F***ed Up Beyond All Recognition

GIB – GI Bill

MAJ – Major

MIA – Missing In Action

OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration

NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement

NASA – National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Navy SEALs – Navy Sea Air Land forces

POTUS – President of the United States

POW – Prisoner Of War

RNC – Republican National Committee

REAP – Reserve Education Assistance Program

SCOTUS – Supreme Court of the United States

SGT – Sergeant

SWAT – Special Weapons And Tactics

UN – United Nations

USAF – United States Air Force

There are some common informative acronyms too which are used to convey essential information quickly. They are mostly used in the medical field but are now used in our daily lives too.

ABS – Anti-lock Braking System

ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder

ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AMA – Against Medical Advice

CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DARE – Drug Abuse Resistance Education

DOA – Dead On Arrival

DOB – Date Of Birth

DIY – Do It Yourself

ESL – English As A Second Language

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

GIF – Graphics Interchange Format

HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus

ID – Identification

IQ – Intelligence Quotient

MD – Medical Doctor

OTC – Over The Counter

PPV – Pay Per View

PS – Post Script

RADAR – Radio Detection And Ranging

SONAR – Sound Navigation And Ranging

SUV – Sports Utility Vehicle

TBA – To Be Announced

UFO – Unidentified Flying Object

Acronyms used in business are,

ADP – Automated Data Processing

AKA – Also Known As

CAPTCHA – Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Apart

CC – Copy To

CST – Central Standard Time

DAEMON – Disk And Execution Monitor

DBA – Doing Business As

DND – Do Not Disturb

EDS – Electronic Data Systems

EOD – End of Day

EST – Eastern Standard Time

ETA – Estimated Time of Arrival

FYI – For Your Information

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

HR – Human Resources

MBA – Masters of Business Administration

MST – Mountain Standard Time

NASDAQ – National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation

OT – Overtime

POS – Point Of Service

PR – Public Relations

PST – Pacific Standard Time

SWOT – Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats

SMART Goals – Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Time-bound Goals

TBD – To Be Determined

TED – Tell me, Explain to me, Describe to me

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