CLAUSES, AUXILIARIES, AND MODALS

clauses

CLAUSES, AUXILIARIES, AND MODALS

CLAUSES

MEANING

Clauses are nothing but a group of words having a subject and a verb in connection with each other. Due to the connection between both of the, the information about the subject is provided here.

POINTS TO REMEMBER

  • A sentence can have one clause or even more than one clause.
  • A clause should have a connected subject and a verb.
  • The structure of clauses can be defined in various ways as they play many roles in the English language.

TYPES OF CLAUSES

Independent Clauses

Independent clauses are unique sentences and they are short and simple sentences.

Dependent Clauses

Dependent Clauses are completely opposite to Independent Clauses. Another name for Dependent Clauses is Subordinate Clauses. The Dependent Clause, as the name suggests is dependent on the independent clauses.

AUXILIARIES

MEANING

An auxiliary is a verb that performs the function to add meaning of the main verb in the clause. Auxiliaries are used to show details about mood, tenses, numbers, and person. Some auxiliary verbs are be, have, do, can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to, used to, need, and dare.

EXAMPLES

  • I think I will have to drop my degree.
  • We can do this better.
  • This may be done by the assigned group.
  • She should have participated.

MODALS

MEANING

Verbs like can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, and ought are called modals or modal verbs. We put modals before ordinary verbs. They express details about permission, possibility, certainty, and necessity. Sometimes, we can also use words like need and dare as modal verbs. Remember that very often, modals are added in the auxiliaries’ group. This is the reason why they are also called modal auxiliaries.

Quiz on Clauses, Modals & Auxiliaries