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sentence transformation


When we change the form of a sentence without changing the meaning, we call it Sentence Transformation.

Simple Sentence to Compound

We can transform a Simple Sentence into a compound sentence by enlarging a word or a phrase to a Co-ordinate Clause.

  • Simple: She must eat extra to make up for the lost weight.
  • Compound: She must eat extra and make up for the lost weight.
  • Simple: Besides robbing the house, he also murdered the whole family.
  • Compound: He not only robbed the house but also murdered the whole family.
  • Simple: She must run fast to win the first prize.
  • Compound: She must run very fast, or she will not win the first prize.

Compound Sentence to Simple Sentence

Here is how you can convert compound sentences to simple sentences:

  • Compound: He finished his dinner and put away his plate.
  • Simple: Having finished his dinner, he put away his plate.
  • Compound: Not only did his sister give him money, but his father did too.
  • Simple: Besides his sister giving money, his father also did the same.
  • Compound: He must complete the assignment, or he will be punished.
  • Simple: In the event of him not completing the assignment, he will be punished.

Simple Sentence to Complex Sentence

A Simple Sentence can be converted into a Complex Sentence by expanding a word or a phrase into a Subordinate Clause. The clause can be a noun, adjective, or adverb clause.

  • Simple: The thief confessed his crime.
  • Complex: The thief confessed that he was guilty.
  • Simple: She bought his father’s garage.
  • Complex: She bought the garage that belonged to her father.
  • Simple: Only Africans are allowed.
  • Complex: If you are not an African, you will not be allowed.

Complex Sentence to Simple Sentence

Look at the following examples:

  • Complex: She said that she was guilty.
  • Simple: She declared her guilt.
  • Complex: Tell me where you stay.
  • Simple: Tell me your address.
  • Complex: She remarked how rude the boy was.
  • Simple: She remarked on the boy’s rudeness.

Compound Sentence to Complex

Look at the following examples:

  • Compound: Search his cupboard and you will find the proof.
  • Complex: If you search his cupboard, you will find the proof.
  • Compound: Do as she tells you, or you will be wrong.
  • Complex: Unless you do as she tells you, you will be wrong.
  • Compound: She saw the pitfall, but she continued.
  • Complex: Although she saw the pitfall, she continued.

Complex Sentence to Compound

Look at the examples:

  • Complex: I am sure you have done something wrong.
  • Compound: You have done something wrong, and of this I am sure.
  • Complex: I am happy that she recovered from depression.
  • Compound: She has recovered from depression, and I am happy about it.
  • Complex: If he is in the class, I shall see him.
  • Compound: He may be in the class, and in that case, I shall see him.
Quiz on Sentence transformation