MEANING OF DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
The demonstrative pronoun is used to show, indicate, represent or point towards a thing or things which include near in distance/time and far in distance/time.
- We will use the word ‘this’ to point out a thing which is SINGULAR and is near.
- We will use the word ‘that’ to point out a thing which is SINGULAR but is far away.
- We will use the word ‘these’ to point out things which are PLURAL and are near.
- We will use the word ‘those’ to point out things which are PLURAL but are far away.
- This is a dress.
- Have you heard this?
- These will taste good.
- Do you know these?
- This dress is beautiful.
- Did you hear that?
- Those were the times.
- Are you able to hear those?
- This is worse than that.
- These are heavier than those.
IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER
Remember that Demonstrative pronouns are different from demonstrative adjectives. They look similar but they are different. A noun is qualified by a demonstrative adjective.
- That stinks. (The statement is a demonstrative pronoun)
- That perfume smells good. (The statement is an adjective+noun)
Usually, we use the demonstrative pronouns for things only. However, we can use them for people when the person is identified. Let us understand with some examples:
- This is Andrew Bernard. Is that Erina?
- That party sounds awesome.