Firstly, what are punctuations? 

In English language, punctuations are specific marks that tell you the sense of a sentence. It is because of punctuation marks that you know whether a sentence is a question, an exclamatory sentence, a dialogue, etc. Punctuations are essential for writing, reading, and even hearing. It is because of punctuation that you understand the meaning of a sentence and what it is all about. Even while reading, you understand the statement and you read it as per the punctuations. With the help of punctuation, you understand where to stop, where to take a pause, what is it that the statement desires, you get to know it through punctuation.

Different punctuations tell you different meanings of sentences. Punctuations include full stops, exclamations, question marks, hyphens, semicolons, colon, apostrophes, inverted commas, double inverted commas, etc. All of these punctuations are meant for different reasons.

Make sure that you don’t put the wrong punctuation mark in the sentence, it will change the whole meaning of it. It might get conveyed in the wrong sense. 

Commas are used almost in every sentence. But if it is misused, it might have confusing, hilarious, or even life-threatening consequences for your English writing.

Using punctuation in writing helps the reader to clearly understand the meaning of the sentence. Primarily, punctuation helps to indicate the pauses along with an emphasis on certain ideas and thoughts that are discussed in the text. In academic writing, punctuation helps in strengthening the arguments that are in the text.

Common mistakes that we make while writing is that of punctuation, and as said earlier if there is a mistake in punctuation, the whole meaning of the sentence gets changed. Even while you read a book or a paragraph, you know when to stop, when to pause, who has said what, where is the dialogue, which is an exclamatory sentence, which is a question and the response following it; we come to know all of these key explanations because of punctuations in the statements.

The most common punctuation of all types is the full stop. Without this, you cannot write a sentence without using it. The two most common uses of a full stops are to indicate the end of a sentence or to follow an abbreviation.

The comma is used to separate different ideas in a sentence but it has many other uses as well and it is equally important to remember them too.

A question mark is needed to go at the end of every interrogative sentence instead of a full stop. An exclamation mark added at the end of a sentence shows emphasis. It depends on the meaning of the sentence, it might add anger, happiness, excitement, or any other strong emotion. Quotation marks indicate direct quotations, they can also be used to show that a word or a phrase is being used ironically or for titles of articles, books, chapters, episodes, etc.

Apostrophe has two main uses. First, it can be used in contractions of omitted letters. Second, it can show position. Hyphen and dash look similar but have two different uses, hyphen is used to create compound words.

Colon is a punctuation mark that you come across very often. It introduces an example, a list, an explanation, or a quotation. The semicolon is a punctuation mark that creates a longer pause than a comma but a shorter pause than a full stop. It is used to create a pause between two independent clauses that are still closely related to each other. Parentheses is another punctuation mark that will include additional information. It can usually be omitted without creating any confusion for the reader. 

Brackets are similar to parentheses but they are mostly used in academic writing and presenting quotes. For instance, the writer can add extra information or fix mistakes in the bracket without changing the original quotation. Slashes are used to write a fraction, a measurement or to suggest alternatives in the text.

Above mentioned are some of the important punctuation marks which we use in our daily lives while reading,writing or speaking. Without punctuations, a sentence would become a total waste. Nobody could understand the meaning of it and the actual message may be misinterpreted.

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