8 CATEGORIES OF GRAMMAR

Particular properties of the words that cause the words or a related word to change in the form of grammatical reasons which in turn ensures the agreement between words is called the Grammatical Category. Let us look at the 8 categories of Grammar explained in short and in the simplest language.

Let us understand with an example:

The word ‘girl’ is a noun and nouns have a grammatical category called ‘number’. Numbers have singular or plural values.

  1. The girl is singing.
  2. The girls are singing.

The English language has more than 20 grammatical categories. Let us have a look at some of the most common grammatical categories.

  • Number:

One of the categories of grammar is ‘Numbers’. Numbers are something that indicates the quantity and it is also a property of nouns and pronouns. Over here, singular indicates one and plural indicates two.

  • Gender

The differentiation of sexes is done with the help of Gender, and it is a property of pronouns only. Gender consists of three values and that is masculine (male), feminine (female), and neuter (indicates everything else).

  • Case

Another property of nouns and pronouns is ‘Case’ and it expresses its relationship to the rest of the sentence. There are three types of values which are subjective, objective, and possessive.

  • Person

This is a property of nouns and it depicts the differentiation of participants in the conversation. There are three values attached with ‘person’, namely the first person, second person, and third person.

  • Tense

This is a property of verbs and it relates to the location in time. The past and present are the two values of the tense.

  • Mood

This is a property of verbs and it connects to the speaker’s feelings and talks about the reality of what he is speaking. Indicative, imperative, and subjunctive are the three types of values of ‘mood’.

  • Voice

This is a property of transitive verbs and it talks about the relation of subject to action. Active and passive are the two values of ‘voice’.

  • Degree

This is a property of gradable adverbs and adjectives, it indicates amount. Possessive, Comparative, and Superlative are the three values of ‘degree’.

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