FUTURE SIMPLE TENSE

Very often, this tense is called the ‘will tense’. This is because the Future Simple Tense is made with the modal auxiliary ‘will’.

The structure of the future simple tense is explained below:

subject+Auxiliary will+Main verb
invariablebase
willV1

In the case of the negative sentences in the Future Simple Tense, we put ‘not’ in between the auxiliary verb and the main verb. In the case of question sentences, the subject and the auxiliary verb are exchanged. Let us take a look at the examples of Future Simple Tenses:

subjectAuxiliary verbMain verb
+IwillreturnThe book.
+YouwillcompleteBefore everyone.
ShewillnotCome To the party.
WewillnotLeave You alone.
?WillyoureturnOn-time?
?Willtheywantsupper?

At times, we use the word ‘shall’ instead of ‘will’ and especially for ‘I’ and ‘we’.

While speaking, when we use the future simple tense, very often we contract the subject and the auxiliary verb.

I willI’ll
You willYou’ll
She willShe’ll
He willHe’ll
They willThey’ll

In case of negative sentences, we will contract ‘won’t’, something like this:

I will notI won’t
She will notShe won’t
He will notHe won’t
They will nowThey won’t
We will notWe won’t

Future Simple tense is usually used in situations where there is no plan or a decision to do something before speaking. The decision is made spontaneously at the time of speaking. 

Let us understand with some examples:

  • Wait. I’ll get the bottle.
  • We’ll stay in touch however far you go.

The examples say that we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision is mostly made at the time we speak or are about to speak.

The future simple tense is also usually used to make a prediction about the future. Here too, there is no firm plan. What we say usually depends on what we think will happen, what we will predict about it.

For example:

  • It will pass as you move on.
  • Who do you think will forget the assignment?

Remember that when the main verb is ‘be’, Future Simple Tense can be used even if we have a firm plan or a decision before speaking. 

For example:

  • I’ll be back soon. It won’t be very long.
  • Will you be at the party tomorrow?
  • I’ll be nearby. Don’t worry.

REVISION EXERCISE

Complete the revision exercise on a paper or a book for your future reference.

  1. I ______ return on time.  (is, not, will)
  2. Will your friends _____ before Tuesday? (arriving, arrive, arrived)
  3. She _____ reach there on time. (won’t, will, will’nt)
  4. We will _____ what your mother has to say. (See, seeing, seen)
  5. It ______ tomorrow. (will rain, rains, is raining)

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