PERSONAL PRONOUNS – TYPE 1

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Personal Pronoun is one type of Pronoun that adds up to your learning the English language. Learning the English language can only be achieved when you know everything about grammar and you have a strong hold on it. It is important for you to understand every little bit of grammar like nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, determiners, etc in order to achieve fluency and English learning target. Learning the English language is not just about reading, writing, listening, and speaking, but learning this language involves all the other aspects which revolve around it. Most importantly, it is important to understand Grammar which boosts your learning process.

The English language can also be learned by listening to English podcasts, watching English movies, listening to English songs, reading English stories, and much more. many other factors revolve around learning the language as it is the most spoken language in the world. It is used to build relations, conversations, trade, and businesses, etc, and much more. If you are a student and want to go abroad for further studies, it is very essential for you to learn the English language and be fluent at speaking, reading, writing, and listening to it.

Let us now understand the first type of Pronoun with examples and followed by a short revision exercise to check your understanding.

Personal pronoun are the types of pronouns which represent specific, particular people or things. They are used depending on:

  • Numbers (singular or plural)
  • Person (1st, 2nd or 3rd person)
  • Gender (male, female or neuter)
  • Case (subject or object)

Personal pronouns are used in places of a person or people about which we are talking about. My name is Jojo, but I will use ‘I’ or ‘me’ when I am talking about myself. I will not use my name i.e ‘Jojo’. When I am talking directly to somebody, I will use ‘you’, and not their name. When I am talking about somebody, I will definitely use their name in the first place but then I will continue by using ‘him’ or ‘he’.

Let us have a look at some personal pronouns:

(Object) I, you, he, she, it will be used for SINGULAR male and female.

(subject) Me, you, him, her, it can be used for SINGULAR male and female.

(Object) We, you, they will be used for PLURAL male and female

(Subject) Us, You, Them will be used for PLURAL males and females.

Let us look at some examples:

Note: the first subject in each pair shows a subject pronoun and the second shows an object pronoun.

  • She likes cake. / Mary worked with me.
  • Do you want to watch a movie? / Mary adores you.
  • She walks too slow. / Did Gary overtake her?
  • She is excited. / Does Harry know me?
  • We are on our way. / Can we ignore it?
  • They played for a long time. 

We always use ‘it’ when we talk about a single thing, however, there are a few exceptions. Sometimes, we also talk about an animal as he/him or she/her, especially when the animal is a domestic or a pet.

At times, we don’t know whether to use him or her for a single person. There are a few solutions to it:

  • If a student needs help, he or she must meet the teacher.
  • If a student needs help, they must meet the teacher.
  • If a student needs help, he must meet the teacher.

REVISION EXERCISE

Complete the exercise on paper or in a book and keep it for your future reference:

  1. The personal pronoun ‘I’ is in the _______ case.  (subject, subject or object, object)
  2. The personal pronoun for gender ‘her’ is ______. (female, male, male or female)
  3. The word used as 2nd person for a personal pronoun is ______. (it, you, them)

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