THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

The Present Continuous Tense is also called the Present progressive Tense and it is often used in the English language. If we compare the Present Simple Tense and the Present Continuous Tense, both of them are totally different from each other on the basis of their structure and its use.

The Present Continuous is one type of tense which comes under English Grammar. Learning English Grammar is not easy, but it is not tough either. In order to be fluent in the English language and all its aspects, to have greater opportunities, it is essential to learn the basics of English in order to be fluent. The English language is the most spoken language in the world with millions and millions of people conversing daily.

Let us now look at how to make the Present Continuous Tense along with its structure:

Subject+Auxiliary ‘be’+Main verb
Conjugated in present simple
am,are,isPresent participle
(-ing)
  • In the Present Simple, the auxiliary verb (be) is conjugated: am,are,is
  • In the present participle form, the main verb is invariable: -ing
  • In the case of negative sentences, we put not in between the auxiliary and in between the main verb.
  • In case of question sentences, the subject and the auxiliary verb are exchanged.

Here are some examples for your better understanding:

SUBJECTAUXILIARY VERB    MAIN VERB
+      I      am        hearingher.
+    You      are        learningThis concept.
    She      isnot        readingThe book.
    We      arenot        drivingsafe.
?      Is      he        playingFootball again?
?    Are      they        workingFor Matt?

Present Tenses are used to talk about the action happening now and the action which will happen in the future.

Let us look at the Present continuous Tense for the action happening right now.

  • I am reading a book. 

With the given example, the message tells you that ‘I am reading a book at the current time, which means I am reading a book right now. The action is happening now and not in the future or in the past.

Let us now look at the Present Continuous Tense for the action which will happen in the future:

  • I am living with my friend until I find a new apartment.

The message in this example says that I am currently living with my friend till I find a new apartment or it can be said in a way like, Until I find a new apartment, I will stay with my friend.

The Present Continuous Tense can also be used to talk about the future. Remember that, if we are talking about the future, we will have to include words which depict the future. For example: words like tomorrow, next year, in March, next week, etc.

Let us understand with an example of a statement:

  • I am joining the job next week.

This example tells us that there is a firm plan (job) which exists now but the action for the same (joining the job) will be taken in the next week.

The Present Continuous Tense can be made by adding -ing to the base verb. Usually it is simple, but we might have to change the word a bit. 

For example:

  • Play – Playing
  • Read – Reading
  • Work – Working
  • Assist – Assisting
  • See – Seeing
  • Learn – Learning

Remember that the Continuous Tenses are also called as Progressive tenses. Hence, the Progressive Continuous Tense is sometimes also called the Present progressive Tense.

EXERCISE FOR REVISION

Change the tense of the sentence to Present Continuous.

  1. I played football.
  2. She was reading.
  3. We watched a movie.
  4. She was walking alone.
  5. He will opt for that course in the next week.

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