Let us know the two types of determiners, is the Demonstrative and the Possessive. Let us thoroughly understand the first type of Determiner followed by a short revision to check your understanding.
Demonstrative Determiner include words like this, that, these, those which point to something which is close or at a distance. There can be only one determiner in a noun phrase. Speaking of Demonstrative determiners, the distance could be in terms of space (next to the radio, 10 meters from the radio, or 10000km from the radio). The distance could also be in terms of time like yesterday, now, last week, next month, and so on.
In terms of singularity, we will use the word ‘this’ to point out things that are near.
If things are far away, we will use the word ‘that’.
In terms of plural, we will use the word ‘these’ to point out things that are nearby.
If things are far, we will use the word ‘those’ to point out things that are far.
Let us understand with some examples,
- I like this dress.
- You could use these books.
- I have to drive a long way this morning.
- We don’t talk these days.
- Did you see that big elephant?
- Can you make out what these are?
- Do you remember that girl we saw in class today?
- Those mornings near the beach were awesome.
Demonstrative Determiners are very simple to understand and it is a very short topic, examples make it much easier to understand.
Complete this exercise on paper or in a book and keep it for your future reference.
- __________ Determiner points to something which is close or at a distance. (possessive, demonstrative)
- In terms of singular, we will use the word ‘______’ to point out things which are near. (this, that, these, those)
- ‘I liked ____ watch you wore yesterday.’ (these, that, those)
- ‘Do you remember ______ conversations we had in the morning?’ (them, those, then)
- We don’t talk ______ days. (those, these, that)
The ‘Possessive Determiner’
The second type is used in order to show who is possessing or owning something.
‘my, your, his, her, its, our, their’ are the possessive types. We do not have to confuse these topics with the possessive pronoun, know that both of the topics are different. The possessive determiners come at the beginning of a noun phrase which is why they come before any type of adjective or adjectives.
Let us understand with some examples:
- This is my pen.
- His car is black in color.
- Her parents are not in London.
- The cat ate its food.
- We have purchased our car.
- The principal thanked all their staff.
- Your boots are lovely.
- This is your pen.
- Hurry up! You’re not reaching on time!
- You’re alright?
Remember that there will be no apostrophe while using the word ‘its’ in the possessive type of determiner. An apostrophe can be used to write the contraction of the word ‘it is’ or ‘it has’.
Let us understand with examples:
‘It is thundering.’ – This sentence can also be written as ‘It’s thundering’
‘It is duly noted.’ – This sentence can also be written as ‘It’s duly noted.’
‘It is going to rain.‘ – This sentence can also be written as ‘It’s going to rain.’
Understanding these two types can prove to be beneficial to achieve fluency in learning the English language. The ladder for learning grammar is long but is also essential to climb that ladder in order to reach the peak. It will not just help you with speaking English but it will help you with all the English learning skills required to achieve fluency. Do not forget that practice makes a man perfect.