It is important to know everything about grammar in order to speak fluent English and correct English. To achieve fluency in all aspects of the English language, let us understand a new type of pronoun called the ‘Reflexive Pronoun’.
A reflexive pronoun is a type of pronoun which we use when we are referring back to the subject of a particular sentence or even a clause. Reflexive pronouns end with ‘-self’ which is singular or even with ‘selves’ which is plural.
Let us look at the eight reflexive pronouns and understand them with examples:
|Singular||Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself|
|Plural||Ourselves, yourselves, themselves|
- I heard myself before speaking out loud.
- Why do you torture yourself?
- Kevin treated himself with a drink.
- We are not happy with ourselves.
- Could you help yourself?
- She is unable to look after herself.
- Let them complete the work themselves.
- I would not hurt myself.
There is another part to reflexive pronouns. Note that the above-mentioned reflexive pronouns also act as Intensive pronouns. But, also remember that their functions and uses differ. An Intensive Pronoun focuses more on its antecedent which means the earlier word to which it refers.
Remember that, even if you remove an intensive pronoun, the sentence will still make sense. On the other hand, if you remove a reflexive pronoun, the sentence would be meaningless and it will not make sense. In many cases, the intensive pronouns can be after or before the verb.
Understand the concept with the given examples:
- She completed it by herself.
She herself completed it.
- Have you yourself heard it?
Have you heard it yourself?
- I messaged her myself.
I myself messaged her.
- She herself asked all of us to do it,
Complete the given exercise on paper or in a book and keep it for your future reference.
- There is a sale, so help ______. (themselves, itself, yourselves)
- Nobody likes ________ to be treated badly. (Itself, yourself, themselves)
- Reflexive pronouns can also act as ________ pronouns. (interrogative, reflexive, personal)